Albumin (ALB) A protein produced by the liver. Reduced levels can point to chronic liver or kidney disease, intestinal disease, or intestinal parasites such as hookworms.
Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) -An enzyme that becomes elevated with liver disease or injury.
Alkaline Phosphatase (ALKP)- An enzyme produced by the cells lining the gall bladder and its associated ducts. Elevated levels can indicate liver disease or Cushing’s syndrome.
Amylase (AMYL) -An enzyme produced by the pancreas to aid in digestion. Elevated blood levels can indicate pancreatic and/or kidney disease.
Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) -BUN is produced by the liver and excreted by the kidneys. Abnormal levels can indicate dehydration and liver or kidney abnormalities.
Calcium (Ca2+) -Increased levels can be seen with diseases of the parathyroid gland and kidneys, or as an indicator or certain types of tumors.
Cholesterol (CHOL) -Elevated levels of cholesterol are seen in a variety of disorders including genetic disease, liver and kidney disease, and hypothyroidism.
Blood Glucose (GLU) -High levels can indicate diabetes. In cats, high levels can indicate stress, which can merely be a result of the trip to the veterinary hospital. Low levels indicate liver disease, infection, or certain tumors.
Phosphorus (PHOS) -Elevated levels can be an indicator of kidney disease.
Total Bilirubin (TBIL) -Bilirubin is secreted by the liver into the intestinal tract. Bilirubin levels are useful in diagnosing anemia and problems in the bile ducts.
Total Protein (TP)- The level of TP can detect a variety of conditions, including dehydration and diseases of the liver, kidney, or gastrointestinal tract.